Geneva – Seven months after the international armed conflict began in Ukraine, refugees are still grateful for the warm welcome they have received across Europe. Most of them plan to stay in their current locations.
A study released today by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) found that most of them have a high level of qualifications and are ready to work in their host countries, but to ensure their socio-economic inclusion Needs continued support.
In August-September, the survey “Life on Hold: Intentions and Perspectives of Refugees from Ukraine” was conducted based on the responses of 4,800 Ukrainian refugees accepted in Europe and other countries. (Life on Hold: Intentions and Prospects of Refugees from Ukraine) It provides insight into the challenges they face and their intentions.
As the conflict in Ukraine continues to tear millions of families apart, the majority of Ukrainian refugees (82%) intend to return to their homes to be reunited with their families, but surveys show they will return within the next three months. Only 13% plan to. .
In host countries, many refugees cited positive factors such as family and friend ties, security and stability, availability of health services, access to education and general economic conditions.
About 70% of refugees have higher education and two-thirds of them previously worked in Ukraine. Refugees are eager to re-enter the labor market, thereby reducing their reliance on social assistance, yet less than a third of refugees currently work as employees or self-employed.
Many refugees want to play a more active role in their host countries, but need additional support to achieve this. New needs gradually arose during the exile. Many feel the need for courses to learn the local language, support for their skills to be officially recognized, and most importantly, child care to enable them to work abroad. indicate the need for assistance.
Three-quarters of respondents said they intended to send their children to school in the host country, and 18% preferred distance learning based on the Ukrainian curriculum.
Without work, many struggle to earn a living and find suitable housing. Nearly half (41%) stay in host family homes, 20% live in shared accommodation or hotels, and a quarter are tenants. Many people are very interested in finding sustainable alternatives before winter.
Another urgent need is psychological support and professional assistance for children and the elderly with disabilities. About 87% of refugees are women and children, and nearly a third of those surveyed say they have at least one disability in their family.
Most of Ukraine remains devastated. Cities and livelihoods were wiped out in many areas. The onset of winter and high energy prices or lack of electricity have made it difficult for many displaced people to return home for now.
With nearly 7 million internally displaced people in Ukraine, UNHCR is repairing and insulating homes for the most vulnerable families for the winter. More than 815,000 people received food and non-food items, including winter clothing, and more than 31,000 people received emergency shelter supplies. UNHCR aims to distribute emergency shelter kits to over 100,000 people by the end of the year.
With more than 7.4 million refugees from Ukraine spread across Europe, UNHCR will continue to support generous host countries to ensure that refugees receive adequate assistance and participate in socio-economic life. I am looking for
This qualitative and quantitative research is the second UNHCR dedicated to the profiles and intentions of refugees from Ukraine across Europe. It covers refugees from more countries than the original survey.
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