Speech by President Emmanuel Macron at the United Nations Ocean Conference in Lisbon.

President of the United Nations General Assembly,
Ladies and gentlemen, Heads of State and Government,
Ladies and gentlemen, please represent the Ministers.

I wanted to be by your side today, with great friendship and enthusiasm, as we know the President was by my side in Brest a few months ago. We speak with sea enthusiasm about our common attachment. I wanted to stand before you today and move this agenda forward in a situation we all know.

In fact, despite the serious problems of the geopolitical world, despite the fact that war is returning to European soil – I was in Madrid not long ago for a NATO summit with many colleagues – The United Nations has much to do, but we must not divert our collective mandate on the sustainable development agenda in the service of men, women, planet and sea.This shared ambition. is so important to us that in 2015 we chose to make it the 14th sustainable development goal. We are already in the middle of 2022 and we can already see his 2030 horizon that he set then. It was in the face of this emergency that, as I said in Brest last February, we held the One Planet Summit, dedicated to the oceans, gathering all those willing to take action. It is not only Heads of State and Governments who want to take action, but also all the people we absolutely need if we are to succeed in this bet on Goal 14 of Sustainable Development. So many non-governmental organizations, including scientists, civil society, philanthropists and business leaders.

We were mobilized from Brest and each made very specific commitments and progress at our level. 35 players, including 18 international ports, have committed to decarbonize their ships by 2028. 500 players have joined a global effort to tackle plastic pollution. A few months after these announcements, we will see the results. Three days ago in Marseille, 13 shipowners – more than 320 of her vessels – received the Green Marine Europe label. They are the driving force behind the maritime transportation revolution, always with common requirements and clear, precise and demonstrable results. Concrete projects to protect these exceptional ecosystems, such as mangroves, Posidonia and coral reefs, for example, are threatened today but are a source of hope. climate. We know that through these goals of preserving marine biodiversity, we will harmonize protecting the oceans, fighting climate change, and capturing carbon.

These spaces represent less than 1% of the total surface of the ocean, yet they are the guarantor of our survival thanks to their ability to sequester carbon. We hope that projects, priority funding projects will be identified by COP 27. This is the correct way. You can move forward in measurable ways. As such, work for a legally binding convention against plastic pollution could start in Nairobi shortly after Brest, after our summit. spent years This is Nairobi’s commitment. Without delay, we will continue to move forward together with all those who have projects to eliminate single-use plastics, invest in recycling, clean our beaches and eliminate landfills. We have made a clear commitment at the level and work has begun.

It is this dynamic that is mobilizing against the scourge of illegal fishing not only in Europe, but also in the states of the Atlantic and Pacific. We talked about this a few months ago, and together we have taken an important step. We have adopted an agreement. The operation we announced in Brest has also been launched. We would like to thank the Navy for their dedication to working with us. You, the President, your Spanish friend, your Italian friend, and so on. We look forward to stepping up our efforts to combat this illegal fishing, especially in the Gulf of Guinea. This is also why we want to achieve this treaty on the high seas: to set a framework for those areas of freedom that are threatened today by overfishing and pollution. We have been discussing this text for seven years. Now is the time to get things done quickly. The coalition launched at the Brest Summit with the European Union brought together 47 members determined to act swiftly and effectively to create these new rules on the high seas. We recognize the importance of ongoing negotiations and we are all mobilized in this regard. This is also why this Lisbon summit is so important to remobilize the community, the international community, to this end.

Beyond international waters, we must also adopt joint national ambitions for biodiversity. With the COP15 deadline coming up in December, we’re heading to Montreal to build on the momentum of this green and blue alliance, the Coalition for High Ambition. We launched this coalition with Costa Rica. We currently have 102 members. Again, we should be able to achieve tangible results at COP15 in Montreal before the end of the year. Together, we champion the principles of a framework that enables us to protect at least 30% of the planet’s land and sea by 2030. Our mobilization should not waver for a moment. Yesterday, Europe took a big step forward for climate with the implementation of her 2030 and her 2050 climate goals. Europe was able to make historic decisions and pass the expected documents.

The IPCC reminded us last spring that the scale of climate policy needs to change. We are in the process of finalizing 14 climate laws that will allow us to meet our commitments. What we are doing on land – respecting the Paris Agreement and fighting global warming – our purpose, must also be done for the future of our oceans.

The importance of this UN summit here and your meeting, dear President and dear ones, is the process that we are about to begin and the concrete results that have been achieved in recent months thanks to our mobilization. to evaluate progress. Mark your agenda for the coming weeks and months and tell them all that our commitment must be holistic and collective. Together, we must set ambitious targets for biodiversity, especially the oceans, similar to the 2015 Paris Agreement. have started. Through the conferences I just mentioned, it is this work that must be completed between August and December and, above all, what must unite the international community in the coming years.

To this end, and in concluding my remarks, I would like to announce today France’s candidacy to host a new UN conference on the oceans in 2025 alongside Costa Rica. Let us use this course to guide our collective action and bring all the parties that the ocean needs to follow our resolve.

Thank you very much.


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