Kidney disease in women: the most common symptoms

Kidney disease may progress silently. Some are observed more often in women, especially if they are pregnant. Warning signs, analysis and treatment with the advice of Dr. Bridget Lanz.

Kidney disease often progresses silently. Even if it is detected, it may be ignored.nevertheless kidney that is vital organs (excretion of waste products through urine, production of the hormone EPO, prevent anemiarenin that maintains blood pressure, conversion of vitamin D to its active form that prevents osteoporosis…). In women, two kidney diseases are characteristic : Me’urinary tract infection mostly, rarely toxemia of pregnancyBetween pregnancy. what symptoms Should I be warned? What should I do ? Is Menopause a Dangerous Time? Answered by her Dr. Brigitte Lantz, nephrologist at Neckar Hospital and executive director of the Kidney Foundation.

Why are women more prone to urinary tract infections than men?

Women are more prone to urinary tract infections than men “because female urethra is much shorter than humans Bacteria can easily spread to the bladder Dr. Bridget Lantz explains. Even more so when they have sex. “The first infection is often seen in young girls who have just been devirginized.” point out a recommended doctor “ofPee after sex and drink a big glass of water.”A formidable complication of urinary tract infections is pyelonephritisThe bacteria then travel to the kidneys.that is emergency medicineFirst signs of appeal: heat This is in addition to the symptoms of a urinary tract infection (burning when urinating, frequent urge to urinate, heaviness in the lower abdomen, etc.). Recurrent pyelonephritis chronic inflammation of the interstitial tissue of the kidney that can evolve over the years kidney failure.

Why is pregnancy a dangerous time for the kidneys?

Pregnancy can be a critical time for the kidneys, as the fetus can compress the ureters and dilate the kidney cavities.

pregnant women suffering from chronic kidney disease, such as polycystic kidney disease or glomerulonephritis due to an autoimmune disease systemic lupus You can see Amplification of her illness during pregnancy.

For women without a history of kidney diseaseThey may develop certain pregnancy-related transient kidney diseases: toxemia of pregnancy or “preeclampsia“This is an anomaly of the blood vessels of the placenta. Pregnant women have protein (albumin) in their urine during their last months and develop arterial hypertension with numbers greater than 15/10. She has more Gaining a lot of weight, there should be edema. Toxemia of pregnancy threatens the life of the baby and mom.she is more common in first pregnancies and when expecting twins Dr. Bridget Lantz explains. Therefore, uric acid levels are closely monitored during pregnancy in women with arterial hypertension because high uric acid levels can be an indicator of toxemia of pregnancy.Also it is essential Do regular urine dipsticks to check for proteinuriaIn terms of food, Not recommended to follow a strict salt-free diet when you are pregnant “Because it can make eclampsia worse. Don’t overdo it, but it’s better not to cut it out completely.”.

Systemic lupus common in women

Systemic lupus affects 80% of women.but this is Autoimmune diseases damage the kidneys in 20-40% of patientsaccording to France Rein. we are talking about “Lupus Nephropathy”. Renal involvement may be silent from disease onset or appear secondary during follow-up. fatigue, or after venous thrombosis. Patients suffering from lupus are therefore monitored regularly (urinalysis, ECBU, blood tests (increased blood creatinine)) to detect possible kidney damage as early as possible and implement appropriate treatment.

Menopause does not affect the kidneys.

What warning signs should I have if I have kidney problems?

The main signs of kidney problems are:

  • a high blood pressure
  • of red urine (Signs of presence of blood)
  • of foaming urine In cases of hyperproteinuria, manifested mainly by edema.

If you see these symptoms, consult a doctor He can prescribe the necessary tests to assess your kidney function (urinalysis (albumin and blood tests), blood creatinine level (marker of kidney failure)).

Is menopause a dangerous time for the kidneys?

“No way, Dr. Lantz answers. Menopause doesn’t affect the kidneys.”On the contrary, it’s an era where women can be active. gain weight under the influence of hormonal decline. “They develop more diabetes, which is a risk factor for kidney disease. They need to adjust their diet and stay physically active for menopause. Regular physical activity slows progression of kidney disease.”

Obesity is associated with 25% of patients entering dialysis.

To keep your kidneys healthy:

  • No Smoking : Tobacco damages blood vessels in the kidneys.
  • eat a balanced diet : Not too many bad fats, not too many sugars…
  • watch your weight of Avoid excess salt and animal protein.
  • monitor blood pressure : Untreated hypertension is the leading cause of kidney disease and exacerbates chronic kidney disease.
  • limit salt intake : Too much salt can promote high blood pressure and affect kidney function.
  • balance diabetes For non-insulin dependent type 2 diabetes: This type of diabetes promotes kidney problems.
  • Do regular physical activity.
  • Set Care If You Suffer From Obesity : Obesity affects 25% of patients reaching the stage of dialysis. An obese person is twice as likely to have kidney disease.

We thank Dr. Bridget Lanz, Nephrologist at Necker Hospital and Executive Director of the Kidney Foundation.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.