As kidney failure progresses, waste products build up in the body, which can lead to many other health problems, such as gout, bone disease, and heart disease, so it’s good to take care of your kidney health. I was diagnosed with chronic kidney disease. Diet is one of the main ways to keep your kidneys healthy and prevent or manage chronic kidney disease. Here’s what you need to know about diet to support kidney health.
How Diet Affects Kidney Health
The kidneys are filled with tiny blood vessels that help filter waste and excess water from the blood and remove them from the body. Things build up. Diabetes and high blood pressure (hypertension) are the two main causes of kidney disease.High blood sugar levels in uncontrolled diabetes and high blood pressure can damage blood vessels in the kidneys and prevent them from functioning properly.
A healthy diet can help prevent or manage conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure by maintaining a healthy weight.In turn, this promotes the health of your kidneys.
As part of a kidney-friendly diet, you may need to limit certain foods to avoid further kidney damage.
Dietary Tips for Kidney Health
A kidney-friendly diet limits sodium, cholesterol, and fat and includes fruits, vegetables, whole grains, low-fat dairy, and lean meats (fish, poultry, eggs, legumes, nuts, seeds, and soy products). should focus on. A person who has already been diagnosed with CKD may need to restrict certain other nutrients.
Here are some ways to change your diet to keep your kidneys healthy.
1. Divide the plates
As a general rule, fill your plate about half with vegetables and fruit, one-fourth with lean protein, and one-quarter with whole grains.
2. Limit salt intake
Sodium creeps into unexpected places, including packaged foods like soups and breads. Limiting sodium intake can help control blood pressure. Aim for 2,300 mg, equivalent to 1 teaspoon of salt per day. If you are at risk for high blood pressure or already have high blood pressure, follow a low-salt diet. Also, try these tips to limit your sodium intake:
Limit take-out orders and restaurant dining. Salt is often added to foods, and items used in restaurant kitchens may have added sodium.
Cook unprocessed whole foods at home. When you prepare meals at home with fresh ingredients, you precisely control the amount of sodium (and fat) in each bite.
Get creative with your seasonings. Avoid salt in the kitchen and table. Instead, use spices, herbs, lemons, and other sodium-free condiments.
Please check the packaging. Prepared foods containing 20% or more of your daily value for sodium are considered high in sodium. Choose packaged food.
Rinse canned food before eating. This will excrete excess sodium.
3. Watch your protein
When you eat protein, your body produces waste products that are filtered out by your kidneys. Protein is an important part of a healthy diet, but eating more than you need can make your kidneys work harder. More research is needed on its effect on overall kidney health, but if kidney function is already compromised, your doctor may recommend a low-protein diet. It can build up inside and prevent your kidneys from removing waste products. Choosing healthier protein sources and being careful with your portions may help.
Good protein sources are:
Red meat, fish, or skinless poultry (1 serving, 1 deck of cards).
Dairy products (yogurt and milk are half a cup, cheese is a thumb size)
Beans, chickpeas, lentils, peas (1 serving is half a cup)
Nuts (half a cup per serving).
4. Prefer Complex Carbs to Simple Carbs
Carbohydrates are the body’s main source of energy, and carbohydrates naturally found in fresh foods contain fiber, which supports heart and gut health and stabilizes blood sugar levels. , simple carbohydrates such as added sugar in many processed foods can spike blood sugar levels and increase the risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes and heart disease. As part of a healthy diet, you should limit sweets and foods with added sugar. Whole grains, fruits, vegetables, beans, and lentils are healthier carbohydrate options.
5. Limit saturated fat and avoid trans fat
Diets high in saturated and trans fats increase the risk of heart disease, and what’s bad for your heart is bad for your kidneys. This is because the heart constantly pumps blood throughout the body and the kidneys constantly filter the blood to remove waste and excess water from the body. Limit saturated fat to less than 10% of total calories per day. The main sources are meat, full-fat dairy products, butter, coconut oil, and palm oil. Also, avoid trans fats, which are found in baked goods and fried foods. Instead, consume heart-healthy unsaturated fats found in fatty fish, avocados, olives, nuts, and many types of vegetable oils.
6. Watch your alcohol intake
Alcohol harms the kidneys in several ways. This is a waste product that the kidneys have to filter out of the blood, making them less efficient. It is dehydration and can affect the kidneys’ ability to regulate water levels in the body. Heavy alcohol consumption is also associated with an increased risk of high blood pressure, which can lead to kidney disease.
Neither men nor women should drink more than one alcoholic beverage per day. Some people shouldn’t drink alcohol at all, so it’s always a good idea to talk to your doctor about your alcohol intake.
7. Ask your doctor if you should limit your intake of phosphorus and potassium.
Phosphorus and potassium are minerals that the body needs for certain processes. Phosphorus helps build strong bones, and potassium helps regulate heart rate and proper muscle function.
8. Work with a nutritionist
Changing your eating habits can be difficult. If you’re having trouble eating healthy, a nutritionist can help you come up with a meal plan that works for you. A nutritionist can help you find foods that meet your specific dietary needs.
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